Model Struktural Pengembangan Minat Berwirausaha Pada Mahasiswa Semester Akhir di Kota Medan

  • Edy Sahputra Sitepu Politeknik Negeri Medan
  • Safaruddin Safaruddin Universitas Sumatera Utara
Keywords: entrepreneurship, family environment, surrounding environment, entrepreneurial personality, entrepreneurial motives, entrepreneurial intention

Abstract

This study aims to produce a structural equation model of the development of entrepreneurial intention among students, especially the final year students in various higher education institutions in the city of Medan. The variables used are the family environment, the environment around each as an exogenous factor, while personality factors, motives and intentions for entrepreneurship as endogenous factors. Personality factors and motives become intervening variables. The number of respondents was 240 people taken based on a purposive random sampling approach from 12 campuses in the city of Medan. It is hoped that this research can contribute a number of contributions and input to the formulation of local government policies in encouraging targets for achieving young entrepreneurial growth and minimizing the unemployment rate, especially in Medan City. The results showed that the variable family environment and surrounding environment directly had a positive effect on student entrepreneurial intention. The family environment and the surrounding environment directly have a positive effect on student entrepreneurial personality. The family and neighbourhood environment directly has a positive effect on student entrepreneurship motives. The family environment and surrounding environment indirectly have a positive effect on student entrepreneurial intention through the intervening variable of entrepreneurial personality. The family environment and the surrounding environment indirectly have a positive effect on student entrepreneurial interest through intervening variables of personality and entrepreneurial motives.

References

Adhimursandi, D. (2016). Faktor Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Niat Kewirausahaan. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Manajemen, 13(1).
Ajzen, I. (1991). The Theory of Planned Behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179–211. https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-5978(91)90020-T
Anoraga, P. (2009). Psikologi Kerja. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta.
BPS-Medan. (2018). Kota Medan Dalam Angka. Medan-Sumatera Utara: Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Medan.
Buchari, A. (2013). Kewirausahaan. Bandung: Alfabeta.
Chen, S. C., Hsiao, H. C., Chang, J. C., Chou, C. M., Chen, C. P., & Shen, C. H. (2015). Can the Entrepreneurship Course Improve the Entrepreneurial Intentions of Students? International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 11(3), 557–569. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365-013-0293-0
Depdiknas. (2012). Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (4th ed.; Pusat Bahasa, ed.). PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Fahmi, F., Yozza, H., & Izzati, R. H. (2016). Analisis Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Minat Berwirausaha Mahasiswa dengan Teknik SEM. Jurnal Matematika UNAND, 1(2), 5–12.
Farooq, M. S. (2016). Social Support and Entrepreneurial Skills as Antecedents of Entrepreneurial Behaviour. Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS).
Farooq, M. S., & Radovic-Markovic, M. (2016). Modeling Entrepreneurial Education and Entrepreneurial Skills as Antecedents of Intention Towards Entrepreneurial Behavior in Single Mothers: A PLS-SEM Approach. In Entrepreneurship: Types, Current Trends and Future Perspectives.
Fauzi, A. (2017). Menkop Sebut Rasio Wirausaha Terus Meningkat. Retrieved April 7, 2019, from Kompas.com website: https://money.kompas.com/read/2017/03/11/191200526/menkop.sebut.rasio.wirausaha.terus.meningkat
Fereidoun, H. G., Masron, T. A., Nikbin, D., & Amiri, R. E. (2010). Consequences of External Environment on Entrepreneurial Motivation in Iran. Asian Academy of Management Journal, 15(2), 175–196.
Handaru, A. W., Waspodo, A. A., & Carolina, C. (2014). Motivational Factors, Entrepreneurship, Gender and Parental Background: Evidence from the Tailor’s Guild at Sunan Giri Traditional Market, Jakarta, Indonesia. China-USA Business Review, 12(6).
Haryani, S. (2018). Pengaruh Lingkungan Kewirausahaan terhadap Pengembangan Wirausaha di Kabupaten Sleman. Ekuitas: Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Keuangan, 1(1), 24–43.
Kasmir. (2007). Kewirausahaan. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.
Kline, R. B. (2015). Principles and Practice of Structural Equation Modeling, Fourth Edition - Rex B. Kline - Google Books (4th ed.).
Lestari, N. D., & Hayati, S. (2019). Pengaruh Prakerin terhadap Minat Berwirausaha Siswa di SMK Muhammadiyah 2 Palembang. JMKSP (Jurnal Manajemen, Kepemimpinan, Dan Supervisi Pendidikan), 4(1).
Liñán, F., & Chen, Y.-W. (2006). Testing the Entrepreneurial Intention Model on a Two-Country Sample. Departament d’Economia de l’Empresa.
Miralles, F., Giones, F., & Riverola, C. (2016). Evaluating the Impact of Prior Experience in Entrepreneurial Intention. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 12(3), 791–813. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365-015-0365-4
Mopangga, H. (2014). Faktor Determinan Minat Wirausaha Mahasiswa Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Negeri Gorontalo. Jurnal Ekonomi Trikonomika, 13(1), 78–90.
Nurchotim, L. H. (2012). Minat Berwirausaha Program Studi S1 Pendidikan Teknik Elektro Jurusan Teknik Elektri Fakultas Teknik Universitas Negeri Semarang. Universitas Negeri Semarang.
Praswati, A. N. (2014). Analisis Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Minat Wirausaha di Kalangan Mahasiswa Studi Kasus: Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta. Seminar Nasional Dan Call for Paper (Sancall 2014), 134–142.
Rahmadi, A. N. (2016). Analisis Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Minat Berwirausaha pada Mahasiswa Program Studi Manajemen Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Kadiri. Jurnal Ekonomi Universitas Kadiri, 1(2), 153–169.
Risa, A. A. (2013). Model Pengembangan Sikap Kewirausahaan Siswa SMK Negeri Se-Kabupaten Demak. Journal of Economic Education, 2(1).
Riyandi, S. (2017). HIPMI Sebut hanya 4 Persen dari 5 Juta Mahasiswa Mau Jadi Pengusaha. Retrieved April 7, 2019, from Merdeka.com website: https://www.merdeka.com/uang/hipmi-sebut-hanya-4-persen-dari-5-juta-mahasiswa-mau-jadi-pengusaha.html
Shapero, A., & Sokol, L. (1982). The Social Dimensions of Entrepreneurship. Retrieved from https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1497759
Sitorus, R. (2018). Pengangguran di Sumut Bertambah 19.000 Orang pada Agustus 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2019, from Sumatera website: https://sumatra.bisnis.com/read/20181105/533/856696/pengangguran-di-sumut-bertambah-19000-orang-pada-agustus-2018
Soemanto. (2005). Psikologi Pendidikan. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta.
Srimulyani, V. A. (2013). Analisis Pengaruh Kecerdasan Adversitas, Internal Locus of Control, Kematangan Karir terhadap Intensi Berwirausaha pada Mahasiswa Bekerja, Studi Empiris pada Mahasiswa Kelas Karyawan Unika Widya Mandala Madiun. Widya Warta, 1(2), 96–110.
Sukardi. (2004). Psikologi Pemilihan Karier. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta.
Sukmana, U. D. (2008). Peran Pendidikan Kewirausahaan dalam Menumbuhkan Motivasi Wirausaha. Equilibrium, 4(8), 1–23.
Sukmana, Y. (2018). BPS: Jumlah Pengangguran Berkurang 40.000 Orang. Retrieved April 7, 2019, from Kompas.com website: https://ekonomi.kompas.com/read/2018/11/05/125214926/bps-jumlah-pengangguran-berkurang-40000-orang
Syaifudin, A., & Sagoro, E. M. (2017). Pengaruh Kepribadian, Lingkungan Keluarga dan Pendidikan Kewirausahaan Terhadap Minat Berwirausaha Mahasiswa Akuntansi. Jurnal Profita: Kajian Ilmu Akuntansi, 5(8).
Tubbs, M. E., & Ekeberg, S. E. (1991). The Role of Intention in Work Motivation: Implications for Goal Setting Theory and Research. Academy of Management Review, 16.
Tung, L. C. (2011). The Impact of Entrepreneurship Education on Entrepreneurial Intention of Engineering Students. City University of Hongkong: Run Run Show Library.
Vemmy, S. C. (2013). Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Intensi Berwirausaha Siswa SMK di Yogyakarta. Jurnal Pendiidikan Vokasi, 2(1), 117–127.
Wahyono, B., Siswandari, M. S., & Santosa, D. (2015). Pengaruh Pendidikan Kewirausahaan terhadap Niat Berwirausaha Siswa SMK Negeri 1 Pedan Tahun 2013. Jurnal FKIP UNS, 1(1), 1–17.
Wijaya, T. (2008). Hubungan Adversity Intelligence dengan Intensi Berwirausaha (Studi Empris pada Siswa SMKN 7 Yogyakarta). Jurnal Manajemen Dan Kewirausahaan, 9(2), 117–127. https://doi.org/10.9744/jmk.9.2.pp. 117-127
Wulandari, A. (2009). Pengaruh Lingkungan Eksternal dan Lingkungan Internal terhadap Orientasi Wirausaha dalam Upaya Meningkatkan Kinerja Perusahaan. Jurnal Pengembangan Wirausaha, 11(1), 142–152.
Published
2020-02-01
How to Cite
Sitepu, E., & Safaruddin, S. (2020). Model Struktural Pengembangan Minat Berwirausaha Pada Mahasiswa Semester Akhir di Kota Medan. VALID Jurnal Ilmiah, 17(1), 1-15. Retrieved from http://journal.stieamm.ac.id/index.php/valid/article/view/23
Section
Articles