PEER REVIEW PROCESS
All submitted manuscripts will be double-blind reviewed by two experts in the field. After author(s) submitted the manuscripts, the manuscripts first will be checked for an initial screening to assure that the manuscripts fit with our technical guideline and the aim and scope of the journal. After passed initial screening, the manuscript will be sent out for peer review.
The expected time from submission to the first decision is a month. However, due to technical manners, the duration length can be out of the deadline.
OPEN ACCESS POLICY
This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.
Before paper sent out for peer review, all submitted manuscript will be checked using Plagiarism CheckerX Software. The manuscript that is suspected for plagiarism will be returned immediately to authors.
VALID is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.